Migraine and Other Types of Headaches. Definitions and Symptoms


- If your head hurts with a dull, continuous pain that reminds you of a band squeezing your head, then you are afflicted with a tension headache.

- Localized, intense, pulsing pain, accompanied by an urge to vomit, indicates migraine. The headache may be preceded by visual disturbances, such as moving points of light.

- If one of your eyes is watery and red with a throbbing pain and nasal congestion on one side of your face, then this is a cluster headache.

- If you have a constant pain in the facial region that is aggravated by bending or moving forward and coupled with nasal congestion, you have a sinus headache.

Even though they cause discomfort and irritation, nearly all headaches are little health problems and can easily be remedied with aspirin or some other type of pain reliever. However if they are very bad, happen a lot, or include additional signs, you might have to do something else, such as see a doctor.

The underlying conditions determine what category headaches fall into. One common group of headaches is made up by muscle contraction or tension. Blood vessel, or vascular headaches are another category that is common as it includes both cluster and migraine headaches. Headaches created by problems with the sinuses make up a third group.

Signs of a tension headache:

-  A dull, consistent discomfort that feels like a cord tightening on your head.
- If throbbing starts on one side of the head, followed by nausea, you are suffering from a migraine. Vision impairment, like flashing points of light, might occur prior to the headache.
- A cluster headache is defined as a nagging pain surrounding one eye that is watery and red, with a congested nose on the side of your face.
- A continuous pain located behind your face that gets worse when you lean forward and includes stuffiness is indicative of a sinus headache.

Many headaches are health concerns that are minor, although troublesome and painful, and are treatable easily with analgesics or aspirin. Although if they are harsh, stubbornly persist, or are accompanied by other symptoms, you may have to take further actions, such as making an appointment with your physician.

Headaches are divided based on their underlying reasons. One group that is common is made up by tension, the contraction of muscles, or headaches. Both migraine and cluster headaches can fall into the popular classification of vascular (blood-vessel) headaches. The third category is made up of headaches resulting from sinus issues.

Tension headaches, which happen to nearly everybody sometimes, cause dull, nagging, non-throbbing discomfort that can give you the experience of your head being squeezed with a tight cord. The neck muscles feel like they are twisted, and specific locations on your head and neck might be tender when touched. The main source of pain are that taut muscles have irritated the endings of the nerves in the neck and head. Symptoms of a tension headache can be brief and infrequent, or they can be recurring and intense.

Migraines are generally the most severe type, often prohibiting any normal activity. With a few people that suffer, there are previous signs, known as an aura; it might consist of sight problems like blinking spots of light, crooked lines, or even more unusual is a limb that feels numb; they may even sense a strange smell. A migraine normally starts with a pain that is throbbing and intense on one side of the head, with or without warning. Accompanied by vomiting and nausea, the pain may radiate. With a duration of a few hours to three days, a migraine can cause sufferers to experience light, odor, and noise sensitivity.

All of the different signs of migraines appear to be connected to the size of the blood vessels inside the head: the blood vessels close up during the first phase and open up when the pain starts. These alterations might happen because of uneven serotonin levels in the brain. Hormonal levels are probably also involved with headaches, particularly fluctuating amounts of estrogen that seem related to the pain.

Because they come in bunches, these are named cluster headaches. While the onset may occur long after a person falls asleep, they are also characterized sometimes by one-sided mild aching of the head prior to this. The pain is very bad, sharp, and typically situated in and surrounding one red, teary eye with a stuffy nose and a flushed face. It endures from 30 minutes to two hours, then slows down or goes away completely, and maybe comes back another day. At least four or more episodes might happen during the day, and cluster headaches can happen daily for weeks or months before going into remission for an extended time. Men are the main sufferers.

Symptoms of a sinus headache are shown by discomfort in the forehead, nose and eye area, and occasionally the crown of the head; in several situations, people also have a pressurized feeling behind their face. Such headaches may arise due to inflammation or infection in other membranes lining the sinus cavities. Also the discomfort from a headache might originate from pressure on the sinus walls, which happens when a stuffy nose causes the sinuses to partially close up.

to be continued…

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